download vs streaming

The Difference Between Streaming and Downloading Media. Accessing movies and music from your network or online. Streaming and downloading are two ways you can access digital media content (photos, music, videos) but many think that these terms are interchangeable. However, they are not — they actually describe two different processes. What Streaming Is. “Streaming” is commonly used when referring to shared media. You've probably heard it in conversations about watching movies and music from the internet. "Streaming" describes the act of playing media on one device when the media is saved on another. The media could be saved in "The Cloud," on a computer, media server, or network-attached storage device (NAS) on your home network. A network media player or media streamer (including Smart TVs and most Blu-ray players) can access that file and play it. The file does not need to be moved or copied to the device that is playing it. Likewise, the media you want to play could come from an online website. Video sites, such as Netflix and Vudu, and music sites like Pandora and Last.fm, are examples of safe, legal websites that stream movies and music to your computer and/or network media player or media streamer. When you click to play a video on YouTube or a TV show on ABC, NBC, CBS, or Hulu, you are streaming the media from that website to your computer, network media player, or media streamer. Streaming happens in real-time; the file is delivered to your computer like water flowing from a tap. Here are examples of how streaming works. You watch and listen to streaming video and music as it comes to your computer or network media player. A website that streams video will often have a "buffer." Several seconds of video is streamed to your computer or network media player in order to keep the video playing in the event of an interruption of the internet connection. You must have a fast connection so there aren't pauses or hiccups in the video playback. Higher quality video — high definition video with digital surround sound — requires a faster connection. Within your home network, a router must be able to pass on the video stream to your network media player. Audio Video ("AV") routers or Gigabit routers may be needed to stream high definition videos to more than one TV or player. You must have a fast internet connection to stream high definition videos from the internet without interruption. Many video websites will determine the quality of the video streamed to your device based on their estimation of your internet speed. Typically, it is best to have an internet connection of at least 2 megabits per second (Mbps) for standard resolution video. HD video may require over 3 Mbps (4K streaming may require as much as 25mbps) so the video doesn't have to pause as it buffers. A streamed file plays from other sources. The source of the media must be connected and turned on, or the streaming stops. When streaming from the internet, it is not only the speed of your connection that guarantees a smooth viewing experience. Factors such as the amount of traffic on the website — that is, the number of people watching videos at the same time — and the speed of the website's server connection can influence how well the media is streamed to you. A streaming file is never saved on your device. Streaming media is either free, as it is on ABC and NBC; or you are charged a monthly subscription to access the media, download vs streaming such as with Netflix and Rhapsody; or you rent the video for a certain length of time, after which it is no longer available without renting it again. You can only play music on a subscription website if you are an active, paying subscriber. Once you stop paying, the media is no longer available. What Downloading Is. The other way to play media on a network media player or computer is to download the file. When media is downloaded from a website, the file is saved to your computer's or network media player’s hard drive. When you download a file, you can play the media at a later time. Media streamers, such as smart TVs, Blu-ray Disc players do not have built-in storage, so you cannot download files directly to them for later playback. Here are examples of how downloading works: Your device connects to the source of the file, then copies and saves it to your hard drive. Usually, you must wait until the download is complete before you can watch download vs streaming the media. Some services, like iTunes and Vudu, allow you to watch while a movie downloads after a sufficient amount of time. You can copy the file or move it to other hard drives unless it is a copyright-protected file. You can copy or move the file and save it to play on other devices unless it is a copyright-protected file. The downloaded file can be streamed to other devices once it has been saved. A downloaded file is available whenever you want to play it. TV shows and movies that are downloaded are “bought” versus rented and are available without time limit. That is, you “own” the movie or music file. Sometimes you can save a bought title to the "Cloud" of the service. The Bottom Line. All network media players and most media streamers can stream the files from your home network. Most now have online partners from which they can stream music and videos. Some network media players have built-in hard drives or can dock a portable hard drive to save files. Understanding the difference between streaming and downloading media can help you choose the network media player or media streamer that is right for you. On the other hand, media streamers (such as the Roku) are devices that can stream media content from the internet, but not content stored on local network devices, such as PCs and media servers, unless you install an additional app that allows you to perform that task (not all media streamers offer such an app). Streaming or Downloading: Which Is the Best Use of Your Mobile Data? When it comes to enjoying audio or video on your mobile device, you may be presented with an option regarding how to proceed: stream it or download it. But choosing an option may not be as obvious as it appears, depending on how you intend to use the content and when. To help you make the decision about spending your mobile data on streaming or downloading, here are some important points to consider. Downloading and Streaming download vs streaming Are Functionally the Same. Both streaming and downloading involve a file being sent to the device. The key difference is that a streaming file is simply played as it becomes available, while a download is stored onto memory. Both processes involve the act of downloading, but only one leaves you with a copy left on your device that you can access at any time without having to receive (or download) the data again. If you access a downloaded file later, you do not have to use more mobile data to play it. However, if you choose to stream a file again, you will have to download the information again (and again every time you choose to access it). The Amount of Data Transferred is (Typically) Equal. Another thing you need to understand is that the size of the file itself is often the same regardless of whether you stream it or download it, as long as it is offered with the same level of quality for both selections. For example, if an download vs streaming MP3 of a song is 3.5 MB, that fact doesn’t change whether you download it or stream it. However, certain options may differ depending on available quality. If you have the option of streaming a video at 480p but can download it at 720p, the 720p file will be larger than the 480p counterpart. This means it takes more data to download the 720p file than stream the 480p version. Additionally, some streaming services, like Netflix, offer the ability to adjust data usage settings, allowing you to choose a lower resolution option to save data. Intended Use of the File. Since many of the factors are similar, whether you choose to stream or download a file needs to be based on how you want to use the file. If there is a particular song you love, and you can imagine listing to it every day, then downloading the file is the better option. By choosing to download the MP3 to your device’s memory using a music downloader, you use data during the initial download. Then, if you want to listen to it, you can simply access it from your device’s memory. You only use the data once, and you can replay the song indefinitely. This approach is also necessary if you want to access the file at a time when you don’t have a connection to the internet, since you can’t stream music or videos without an active connection. However, if you aren’t interested in using a file more than once, you might want to stream instead. Unlike downloading, streaming doesn’t place the file in your device’s memory. That means you can enjoy the song or video and won’t lose any storage capacity. This is especially ideal if you are in an area with a strong signal and want to access the information immediately. Stopping, Starting, and Choosing Not to Finish. It is important to point out when you stream a file and can’t finish it, you may not be able to start the audio or video from the exact spot in which you left off. Some systems are pretty good at letting you restart the playback from where it was paused, but others will automatically start over. In those cases, you may have to download certain sections of the file a second time, raising the total amount of data used. In contrast, if you start an audio or video file and decide you don’t want to finish it, streaming results in less data use. Downloading requires the file be retrieved and stored in entirety before you can enjoy it, while streaming allows it to play without the entire file being loaded. So, walking away in the middle of a streaming file saves you the amount of data that you don’t listen to, while a downloaded file does not. Watching Your Data. While this may seem like a lot of analysis for choosing between streaming or downloading a file, if you are using a device with a limited data plan, these can be important considerations. So, review the file size and consider how you download vs streaming intend to use the file. Then you can make a choice based on what is best for you. Share Pin it Tweet Share Email. Read Next. More by this author. Imran Uddin. Trending in Communication. More by this author. Imran Uddin. Trending in Communication. Read Next. How to Stop Bad Habits: 9 Scientifically Proven Methods. How To Be Successful In Life: 13 Life-Changing Tips. How To Be A Successful Person (And What Makes One Unsuccessful) How to Lead a Team More Effectively and Be a True Leader at Work. Last Updated on April 6, 2020. 10 Powerful Ways to Influence People Positively. An author and trainer specializes in helping socially-conscious entrepreneurs, celebrities and activists Read full profile. Share Pin it Tweet Share Email. Most discussions on positively influencing others eventually touch on Dale Carnegie’s seminal work, How to Win Friends and Influence People . Written more than 83 years ago, the book touches on a core component of human interaction, building strong relationships. It is no wonder why. Everything that we do hinges on our ability to connect with others and formulate deep relationships. You cannot sell a house, buy a house, advance in most careers, sell a product, pitch a story, teach a course, etc. without building healthy relationships. Managers get the best results from their teams, not through brute force, but to careful appeals to their sensibilities, occasional withdrawals from the reservoir of respect they’ve built. Using these tactics, they can influence others to excellence, to productivity, and to success. Carnegie’s book is great. Of course, there are other resources too. Most of us have someone in our lives who positively influences us. The truth is positively influencing people is about centering the humanity of others. Chances are, you know someone who is really good at making others feel like stars. They can get you to do things that the average person cannot. Where the requests of others sound like fingernails on a chalkboard, the request from this special person sounds like music to your ears. You’re delighted to not only listen but also to oblige. So how to influence people in a positive way? Read on for tips. 1. Be Authentic. To influence people in a positive way, be authentic. Rather than being a carbon copy of someone else’s version of authenticity, uncover what it is that makes you unique. Discover your unique take on an issue and then live up to and honor that. Once of the reasons social media influencers are so powerful is that they have carved out a niche for themselves or taken a common issue and approached it from a novel or uncommon way. People instinctually appreciate people whose public persona matches their private values. Contradictions bother us because we crave stability. When someone professes to be one way, but lives contrary to that profession, it signals that they are confused or untrustworthy and thereby, inauthentic. Neither of these combinations bode well for positively influencing others. 2. Listen. Growing up, my father would tell me to listen to what others said. He told me if I listened carefully, I would know all I needed to know about a person’s character, desires and needs. To positively influence others, you must listen to what is spoken and what is left unsaid. Therein lies the explanation for what people need in order to feel validated, supported and seen. If a person feels they are invisible, and unseen by their superiors, they are less likely to be positively influenced by that person. Listening meets a person’s primary need of validation and acceptance. Take a look at this guide on how to be a better listener: How to Practice Active Listening (A Step-By-Step Guide) 3. Become an Expert. Most people are predisposed to listen to, if not respect, authority. If you want to positively influence others, become an authority in the area in which you seek to lead others. Research and read everything you can about the given topic, and then look for opportunities to put your education into practice. You can argue over opinions. You cannot argue, or it is unwise to argue, over facts and experts come with facts. 4. Lead with Story. From years of working in the public relations space, I know that personal narratives, testimonials and impact stories are incredibly powerful. But I never cease to be amazed with how effective a well-timed and told story can be. If you want to influence people, learn to tell stories. Your stories should be related to the issue or concept you are discussing. They should be an analogy or metaphor that explains your topic in ordinary terms and in vivid detail. To learn more about how to

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tell powerful stories, and the ethics of storytelling, take a look at this article: How To Tell An Interesting Story In 4 Simple Steps. 5. Lead by Example. It is incredibly inspiring to watch passionate, talented people at work or play. One of the reasons a person who is not an athlete can be in awe of athletic prowess is because human nature appreciates the extraordinary. When we watch the Olympics, Olympic trials, gymnastic competitions, ice skating, and other competitive sports, we can recognize the effort of people who day in and day out give their all. C. ase in point: Simone Biles. The gymnast extraordinaire won her 6TH all-around title at the U.S. Gymnastics Championships after doing a triple double. She was the first woman to do so. Watching her gave me chills. Even non-gymnasts and non-competitive athletes can appreciate the talent required to pull off such a remarkable feat. We celebrate remarkable accomplishments and believe that their example is proof that we too can accomplish something great, even if it isn’t qualifying for the Olympics. To influence people in a positive way, we must lead by example, lead with intention and execute with excellence. 6. Catch People Doing Good. A powerful way to influence people in a positive way is to catch people doing good. Instead of looking for problems, look for successes. Look for often overlooked, but critically important things that your peers, subordinates and managers do that make the work more effective and more enjoyable. Once you catch people doing good, name and notice their contributions. 7. Be Effusive with Praise. It did not take me long to notice a remarkable trait of a former boss. He not only began and ended meetings with praise, but he peppered praise throughout the entire meeting. He found a way to celebrate the unique attributes and skills of his team members. He was able to quickly and accurately assess what people were doing well and then let them and their colleagues know. Meetings were not just an occasion to go through a “To Do” list, they were opportunities to celebrate accomplishments, no matter how small they are. 8. Be Kind Rather Than Right. I am going to level with you; this one is tough. It is easy to get caught up in a cycle of proving oneself. For people who lack confidence, or people who prioritize the opinions of others, being right is important. The validation that comes with being perceived as “right” feeds one’s ego. But in the quest to be “right,” we can hurt other people. Once we’ve hurt someone by being unkind, it is much harder to get them to listen to what we’re trying to influence them to do. The antidote to influencing others via bullying is to prioritize kindness above rightness. You can be kind and still stand firm in your position. For instance, many people think that they need others to validate their experience. If a person does not see the situation you experienced in the way you see it, you get upset. But your experience is your experience. If you and your friends go out to eat and you get food poisoning, you do not need your friends to agree that the food served at the restaurant was problematic for you. Your own experience of getting food poisoning is all the validation you need. Therefore, taking time to be right is essentially wasted and, if you were unkind in seeking validation for your food-poison experience, now you’ve really lost points. 9. Understand a Person’s Logical, Emotional and Cooperative Needs. The Center for Creative Leadership has argued that the best way to influence others is to appeal to their logical, emotional and cooperative needs. Their logical need is their rational and educational need. Their emotional need is the information that touches them in a deeply personal manner. The cooperative need is understanding the level of cooperation various individuals need and then appropriately offering it. The trick with this system is to understand that different people need different things. For some people, a strong emotional appeal will outweigh logical explanations. For others, having an opportunity to collaborate will override emotional connection. If you know your audience, you will know what they need in order to be positively influenced. If you have limited information about the people whom you are attempting to influence, you will be ineffective. 10. Understand Your Lane. If you want to positively influence others, operate from your sphere of influence. Operate from your place of expertise. Leave everything else to others. Gone are the days when being a jack of all trades is celebrated. Most people appreciate brands that understand their target audience and then deliver on what that audience wants. When you focus on what you are uniquely gifted and qualified to do, and then offer that gift to the people who need it, you are likely more effective. This effectiveness is attractive. You cannot positively influence others if you are more preoccupied by what others do well versus what you do well. Final Thoughts. Influencing people is about centering your humanity. If you want to influence others positively, focus on the way you communicate

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and improve the relationship with yourself first. It’s hard to influence others if you’re still trying to figure out how to communicate with yourself. What's the Difference Between Streams and Downloads? Do you know if your podcast app is streaming or downloading your show’s episodes? Should you even care? Simplecast. The content creator's podcast technology company. Simplecast. Observations and implications of how podcast apps deliver audio. by Simplecast's Chief Technical Officer, Stephen Hallgren. [Update] In this article I use the word streaming to simplify the concept, but it is technically called a “progressive download.” Do you know if your podcast app is streaming or downloading your show’s episodes? Should you even care? You may be surprised to know that not all apps are created equally in how they serve up audio by default. You may also be surprised at the implications of what streaming versus downloading an episode are, and what that means for your show. We’ve been running these metrics internally (and will be bringing them to our Professional customers soon) so let’s dive right into the numbers. The Numbers 🤓 We wanted to investigate Simplecast’s most trafficked listening apps to see how they compare to each other. I wanted to know how audio is being delivered to the end user, but also how these apps present the various audio delivery options to the listener. Here’s our top 5 apps: Apple Podcasts Spotify Castbox Overcast Stitcher. From these apps, I studied the data on how users are listening to episodes within the apps and grouped them together by either a download or stream. I then investigated each of the apps on my phone to see what kind of audio delivery defaults were being used and what kind of additional options are available for users to choose from. Apple Podcasts. Available Options [updated] Streaming Single episode download Download only new episodes [default] Download all unplayed episodes. Spotify. Available Options. Streaming [default] Single episode download. † Spotify does have users who download episodes, but statistically the percentage is so small that I’m considering it a 0. Castbox. Available Options. Streaming [default] Single episode download Download episode playlist. Overcast. Available Options. Download new episodes [default] Streaming. Stitcher. Available Options. Download favorites [default] Download episode playlist [default] Streaming. Observations 🧐 [updated] Looking at these numbers, it is obvious that the audio delivery method an app uses by default is a big factor in how the user ultimately consumes the audio. Though it cannot be confirmed, one can assume most users stick with the default method that was given to them in the app. Implications 🤔 Does it matter one way or the other if an app is streaming or downloading audio? I think it does, but it depends on where you look with the various people involved. Creator. Analytics about their show is one of the most important tools a creator can have. The way an audio file is delivered makes a huge difference in the depth and quality of data that can be revealed to the creator. When it comes to gathering analytics, streaming audio, as the delivery method, is far superior to downloading. Why is that? Well, since streaming audio is provided on demand, when the listener is actually listening, analytics for streaming audio convey an active listener. While downloading an audio file can indicate that someone downloaded the file, it is impossible to know if the listener listened right then, at a later date, or even at all. Another benefit to streaming audio is that it is requested in smaller chunks. These smaller chunks of audio are streamed as the user listens and can reveal how much a listener listened and when they stopped. Downloading audio gives no indication as to how much audio was listened, or if it was even listened to at all. Aside from personal preference, I’d love to know of other reasons why it matters to an app developer whether they stream or download by default. I thought that maybe there were features that could only be achieved with a download, but any feature I could think of was available to both delivery methods. (App developers, let us know!) Listener. Based upon the numbers, the default streaming or downloading method makes little difference to a listener. The majority of users stick with the default. But, it does seem to matter that an app gives the user the ability to change their method of delivery. When given a choice, a user will make a change if they need or want it. Ultimate Conclusion 🏆 As long as a listener is given the ability to download episodes (because no one wants to be stuck on an WiFi-less plane with no podcasts), I think that podcasts apps ought to default their audio delivery to streaming. Streaming greatly benefits the podcast creator with better data and much deeper analytical insights for their shows. If streaming benefits the creator, it also makes sense that the creators should promote apps that stream their audio. Better data being provided to creators will help them make more informed decisions about what does and doesn’t work for their show. With Simplecast's analytics, they will be able to accurately see when their audience is listening and for how long and will be able to create a better show for their listeners.